tacticle investing

What is Tacticle Investing?

By definition, tactical investing means actively managing a portfolio with the goal of improving that portfolio’s risk-reward characteristics.

WHY BE TACTICAL?

For many investors, tactical investing seems like the ideal solution for delivering solid performance and lower volatility to their portfolio.

That being said, tactical investing with all of its various investment styles and techniques can sometimes be difficult to understand.

Questions Chris Sumner often gets from clients include:

  • What are the key drivers of the portfolio’s return?
  • What are the portfolio’s inherent risks?
  • How do you determine which type of portfolio is right for my portfolio? To answer these questions, it helps to understand tactical portfolio construction and the numerous styles used.

PORTFOLIO CONSTRUCTION

#1 CORE TACTICAL

Most tactical managers are systematic in their approach and their portfolio’s performance is a reflection of that system. However, the broader investment man-date and portfolio construction which guides the manager and the manager’s system, is more often than not a key driver behind the portfolio’s risk/return profile.

To many institutional managers, being tactical means shifting a portion of the portfolio from healthcare stocks to consumer staples stocks. In other words, the manager’s strict mandate requires the portfolio to remain entirely invested in equities, so there is no consideration for tactically moving to bonds or cash. We refer to this style of investing as “Core” tactical where the portfolio stays true to its asset class (equities for example) and the manager attempts to achieve superior risk-adjusted returns by tactically shifting within that asset class.

For RS Financial Group, the benefit of using core tactical strategies is that we always know the portion of the portfolio allocated to core tactical will be invested entirely in equities or entirely in fixed income, enabling us to allocate a minimum percentage of our client’s account to that asset class. Because of their strict mandate, core tactical strategies generally have a higher correlation to the market when compared to other types of tactical strategies.

#2 SATELLITE TACTICAL

When a tactical strategy dramatically shifts from equities to cash or bonds, whether in a single-step or multi-step process, we consider that strategy to be a “Satellite” tactical strategy.

For advisors, the benefit of using satellite tactical strategies is that the manager can change your client’s portfolio from risk-on to risk-off, or vice versa, in a short period of time. Because of their broader mandate, satellite tactical strategies generally have a low correlation to the market and can quickly change the portfolio’s risk/reward profile raising or reducing exposure to risky assets.

#3 ALTERNATIVE TACTICAL

When a tactical strategy utilizes non-traditional as-sets such as inverse funds or options as a means of obtaining their objective, we refer to that as “Alternative” tactical. The manager of an alternative tactical strategy may use these non- traditional assets by themselves to create a tactical short strategy, for example, or may use these non-traditional assets in combination with equities to create a long/short or hedged portfolio.

For RS Financial Group, the benefit of using alternative tactical strategies is adding real diversification to our client’s portfolio. Most alternative tactical strategies have little correlation or a negative correlation to the market so these strategies can really help to dampen portfolio volatility.

MANAGEMENT STYLE

Within these three broad categories, tactical managers use a variety of techniques including, but not limited to, trend following, mean reversion, rotation, and seasonality to achieve their portfolio’s objective. The manager’s style is another key driver behind the portfolio’s risk/return profile.


Let’s take a quick look at each style to better understand what the manager is doing.


TREND FOLLOWING

is a method by which managers seek to identify trends in the assets they invest in. Spotting a new sustainable uptrend in an asset class and identifying when that trend ends is vital to the success of trend following systems.

MEAN REVERSION

is a technique whereby managers seek to identify assets whose prices have moved well above or below their historical average with the belief that prices will eventually move back to that historical average.

ROTATION

is a process in which managers make changes to the portfolio based upon periodically rank-ing their list of investment choices. The ranking may occur weekly, monthly, bi- monthly, quarterly, etc. and the ranking criteria may be one or more factors such as momentum, volatility, value, etc.

SEASONALITY (CALENDAR EFFECTS)

is a means by which managers make changes to portfolios based on historical calendar (or seasonality) market trends for certain assets.

OTHER FACTORS

While portfolio construction and management style are critical factors in determining the behavior of your tactical portfolio, there are other factors that impact that behavior as well.

FREQUENCY

(daily, weekly, monthly, etc.) refers to how often your portfolio is monitored. A portfolio that is monitored daily may be quicker to react to changes in the market, but may also be subject to higher turnover.

CONCENTRATION

refers to the percentage of the portfolio that can be invested into a single asset or as-set class. A portfolio that owns one or only a few securities may provide greater growth potential, but also greater potential for loss.

LEVERAGE

refers to the portfolios ability to have market exposure that is greater than 100% by using leveraged ETFs, leveraged mutual funds, options, etc. Leverage may provide greater growth potential, but also greater potential for loss.

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Investment advisory services offered through Virtue Capital Management, LLC (VCM), a registered investment advisor. VCM and RS Financial Group, LLC are independent of each other. Technical trading models are mathematically driven based upon historical data and trends of domestic and foreign market trading activity, including various industry and sector trading statistics within such markets. Technical trading models, through mathematical algorithms, attempt to identify when markets are likely to increase or decrease and identify appropriate entry and exit points. The primary risk of technical trading models is that historical trends and past performance cannot predict future trends, and there is no assurance that the mathematical algorithms employed are designed properly, updated with new data, and can accurately predict future market, industry, and sector performance. Please be advised that investing involves risk and that no particular investment strategy can guarantee against losses. In particular, stop loss/buy orders do not guarantee securities will be sold/bought at a particular price. Stop loss/buy orders are generally converted to market orders at the specified price, and may be executed at a lower/higher price do to liquidity and current demand for the security. In addition, stop loss/buy orders may increase trading cost which could lower the portfolio’s rate of return. The cash position may be more or less than 3% in the future which would have an impact on returns. All market timing strategies that are employed are designed to be reactive indicators and therefore are not designed to avoid all losses.